28 User Research Methods

How well do you know your customers?

Do you know why customers ultimately chose you and not your competitor?

Do you understand their purchase process?

What problems keep them awake at night?

Their work-around solutions and current frustrations?

28 71 User Research Methods, Techniques, and Metrics

“UX research” is often mistaken as a synonym for usability testing. It turns out, there are multiple ways to get to know your users better. (And the list just keeps getting longer…)

  • 3E (Expressing Experiences and Emotions)
  • A/B Testing or Multivariable Testing
  • Affect Grid / EmojiGrid
  • ASQ (After Scenario Questionnaire)
  • Big Data Analysis
  • Biometrics / Neurometrics
  • Blob Tree
  • Card Sort: Open or Closed
  • CES (Customer Effort Score)
  • Clickstream
  • Cloze Test
  • Collaboration Exercise / Co-Creation Workshop
  • Collage Study
  • Concept Test
  • Contextual Inquiry / Shop-Along
  • CSAT (Customer Satisfaction)
  • CSUQ (Computer System Usability Questionnaire)
  • Customer Listening
  • Customer Service Log
  • Customer Workshop
  • Desirability Test
  • Diary Study / Mobile Ethnography
  • Emotion Scale
  • ESM (Experience Sampling Method): Time- or Event-based
  • Ethnography / Field Study
  • Eye-Tracking Study
  • Fake Door / Smoke Test
  • First-Click Test
  • Focus Group
  • Forrester CX Index
  • Gallup CE3
  • Heat Map / Scroll Map
  • In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) / User Interviews
  • Kano Study
  • Keyword Analysis
  • Linguistics Analysis
  • Mark-Up Study
  • Memory Test
  • MUMMS (Measuring the Usability of Multi-Media Systems)
  • Mystery Shopper
  • Online Bulletin Board
  • Online Survey
  • Product Emotion Measurement (PrEmo) / EmoCards
  • PSSUQ (Post-Study System Usability Questionnaire)
  • QUIS (Questionnaire for User Interface Satisfaction)
  • Read Against the Grain
  • Readability Study
  • Search Log Analysis
  • Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM)
  • Semantic Differential Scale
  • Session Replay
  • SEQ (Ease of Use)
  • Social Listening
  • Speed Dating
  • SUMI (Software Usability Measurement Inventory)
  • SUPR-Q (Standardized Universal Percentile Rank)
  • SUS (System Usability Scale)
  • Task Completion Rate
  • Text Mining
  • Time on Task
  • Tone of Voice Pairs
  • Top Task Analysis
  • Tree Test
  • True Intent
  • UEQ (User Experience Questionnaire)
  • Usability Study
  • Usage + Attitude Study (U&A)
  • Voice of Customer
  • WAMMI (Website Analysis & Measurement Inventory)
  • Web Analytics
  • Wizard of Oz / Concierge Test

What other user research methods have you used? Tweet me @KristineRemer and help me keep expanding this list.

Nice List, What Do I Do With it?

In many cases, there is more than one research method you can use to better understand a problem. But, like medicine, there are specific cures for specific pains.

Use this cheat sheet to help you identify the best method(s) for your research goal.

Related Articles

Author: Kristine Remer

June UX is led by Kristine Remer, a CX / UX research and strategy consultant in Minneapolis. She helps companies drive significant business outcomes by finding and solving customer problems. When she's not creating customer journey maps and user personas, Kristine is either kayaking or watching her kids play soccer.